The Serengeti Plain has been used as a grazing area for the Maasai people for many centuries. Despite the fertile grazing land and the abundant natural wildlife, however, the area was little known to outside political interests until 1913. At this time the first professional hunters entered the region, drawn to the vast herds of rare and valuable animals. Along with the hunters came political organization and Fort Ikoma was rapidly established in the north to serve as an administrative center.
Continual hunting in the area began to threaten the once abundant lion populations. Due to the fact that lions were considered a nuisance for civilizations in the region, gentlemen on motor car safaris were encouraged to hunt the animals from the safety of the vehicle. This trend rapidly decreased the lion population, and threatened extinction of the lions in the Serengeti. A movement to protect the shrinking lion population contributed significantly to the formation of a Game Reserve in 1921. This small Game Reserve would later be expanded into the Serengeti National Park.
The Serengeti has gained worldwide recognition for its abundant wildlife and stunning natural features. Much of the initial attention for the area was gained by Bernhard Grizmek, who worked with his son to publish the book Serengeti Shall Not Die. This book was later adapted into a film version of the same material. It is considered one of the most prominent early works of nature conservation.
Administration and protection
The Serengeti National Park strictly preserves the natural environment of the region to foster wildlife and vegetation growth. As such, human habitation is strictly prohibited in the park. Early in the history of the Serengeti National Park the inhabitants of the region were removed from the protected area so the space could be enclosed and placed under the control of the Tanzanian government. This forced-removal continues to be a controversial part of the park's history.
Currently, only National Park staff, researchers, zoological staff, and hotel employees are allowed to live permanently on the National Park land. Many of the human settlements in the park are clustered at Seronera, which is the home to the park's administrative building and airstrip.
As a result of the biodiversity and ecological significance of the area, the park has been listed by UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites. A large component of the significance of the area is the biannual game migration that continues to attract tourists from around the globe.
In fact, tourism is a major component of the Serengeti National Park, as land safaris are available for those willing to pay. Tanzania has been able to use much of the revenue from the Park to boost its economy. Tourists are also drawn to the Serengeti National Park by the personal stories of individuals who spent parts of their lives on the plain. A prime example of this is the popularity of My Serengeti Years, an autobiography by Myles Turner, the Serengeti National Park's first warden.
Sunset over the Serengeti, 1999.
Lioness at rest, Serengeti, 2005.
Male African elephant.
A male African Buffalo.
Male Thomson's Gazelle.
Herd of Zebra.
- ↑ Robert M. Poole, Heartbreak on the Serengeti National Geographic Magazine, February 2006. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 John E. Newby, Magnificent wildlife cross the endless plains WWF. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- ↑ Africa: The Serengeti (1994) IMDb. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- Homewood, K. M., and W. A. Rodgers. Maasailand ecology pastoralist development and wildlife conservation in Ngorongoro, Tanzania. Cambridge studies in applied ecology and resource management. Cambridge England: Cambridge University Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0521400022
- Iwago, Mitsuaki. Serengeti: Natural Order on the African Plain. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, New Edition: 1987. ISBN 0877014418
- Mari, Carlo. The Serengeti's Great Migration. Abbeville Press, 2000. ISBN 0789206692
- Poole, Robert M. Heartbreak on the Serengeti National Geographic Magazine, February 2006. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- Scott, Johnathon. Mara-Serengeti: A Photographer's Paradise. Voyageur Press, 2001. ISBN 0863433987
- Turner, Myles, and Brian Jackman. My Serengeti years the memoirs of an African game warden. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1988. ISBN 978-0393025767
All links retrieved November 2, 2019.
- Serengeti Park. Serengeti National Park Official Site
- Tanzania National Parks. official site of Tanzania's National Parks
- UNESCO World Heritage. Serengeti National Park
- Safari Mappers. Serengeti National Park Map
- SafariBookings. Serengeti National Park